The Ryukyu Islands, located between Japan and Taiwan, have a rich cultural history. Though ruled as an independent kingdom for centuries, they were influenced by various cultural practices. The kingdom’s royal court drew inspiration from Ming, Qing, and Japanese elite culture, but each island also maintained a distinct sense of identity. The Ryukyu Islands also have a long-standing tradition of indigenous beliefs that contribute to their unique culture. In this blog post, we will be exploring these traditions and beliefs, including their connection to the supernatural world and how they differ from other religious beliefs.
Ancestor veneration plays a significant role in the beliefs of the Ryukyu Islands. It is a way of honoring and commemorating one’s deceased ancestors and their contributions to the family and community. This tradition reflects the importance of family and kinship ties in the Ryukyuan culture. Some families even have their own ancestral halls and tombs where they hold family reunions and maintain the spirits of their ancestors.
The Ryukyu Islands share similarities with Shinto, the traditional religion of Japan, in terms of belief in spirits or kami. They believe that spirits reside in various natural locations such as trees, rocks, and groves. Some of these locations are considered sacred and serve as connection points between the physical and spiritual world, they are called Utaki 御嶽.
The worship and preservation of these sacred sites are an integral part of the Ryukyuan culture. In addition to nature, they also believe in the existence of gods, goddesses, and other supernatural beings. Often connected via yuta (psychics), or individuals classified as kaminchu (godly people).
Another interesting aspect of the Ryukyuan culture is the influence of Austronesian based beliefs and practices. The Ryukyu Islands were a hub for trade and communication between East and Southeast Asia, which included contact with Austronesians. This contact influenced the Ryukyuan culture, including their beliefs, practices and the development of martial traditions. For example, the Ryukyu Islands have a tradition of presenting offerings to the sea god, which is similar to Polynesian beliefs. They also have dances, music and general esthetics that resemble those of Polynesian and Malay cultures.
Despite their similarities with Shinto, Chinese ancestral and Polynesian Animistic beliefs, the beliefs and traditions of the Ryukyu Islands remain distinct. Each island has its own unique customs, languages, and beliefs. The Ryukyuan culture is a blend of various cultural practices, but it has its own character and identity. The Ryukyu Islands also have a strong connection to the past, as evidenced by the preservation of their cultural heritage through various art forms, including music, dance, crafts and martial practices.
In conclusion, the traditions and beliefs of the Ryukyu Islands are an essential part of their unique culture. Their emphasis on ancestor veneration, connection to the supernatural world, and influence from Polynesian beliefs set them apart from other religious practices. The Ryukyuan culture showcases the blending of various cultural practices, while also maintaining a distinct identity. It is a testament to the resilience and creativity of the Ryukyuan people, and it reminds us of the importance of preserving cultural heritage.
Chibariyo ~ C.Borkowski